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Understanding Eye Color

Last updated 5 years ago

Eye color is such a defining characteristic that it is one of the few traits published on state IDs. You can even choose luxury eyewear to complement your eye color and shape. But how is eye color determined and what does it mean for you?

How Eye Color Is Determined
Whether your eyes are green, brown, blue, or some variation thereof, eye color is primarily based on genetics. There are varying amounts, combinations, and types of pigmentation, known as melanin, in the iris, which create unique colors. Also, contrary to popular belief, eye color is not dictated by a single gene—that is to say, brown eyes cannot universally dominate over blue eyes or vice versa. Instead, eye color is dictated by a multitude of genes, with some simply having more influence than others.

What Eye Colors Occur Naturally
Common eye colors include brown, blue, gray, and green with variant shades and hue combinations filling out the rest of the eye color continuum. Violet is considered the rarest of eye colors and is thought to be the result of a lack of pigment in the eye’s iris. Most babies are born with blue eyes that can naturally darken in their first three years of life as melanin—a brown pigment—begins to develop as the child ages.

How You Can Change Your Eye Color
Fortunately, if you don’t like the eye color that you have inherited, you can alter it with colored contacts. If you are interested in changing your eye color with contact lenses, visit one of Wize Eyes’ six Long Island locations. Keep in mind that contacts—even those used only for aesthetic purposes—should be prescribed and monitored by an eye professional.

It is also important to note that natural, drastic changes to eye color can also be a warning sign for certain eye diseases. If you notice changes in your eye pigmentation, schedule an appointment with an optometrist.

Call Wize Eyes at (415) 358-0040 for more information on color-altering contacts or to schedule a visit to discuss changes in your eye pigmentation. Based in Long Island, Wize Eye offers regular eye exams as well as a full line of contacts, eyeglasses, and frames.


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